Internet based education is the cheapest and quickest way to access knowledge. Though popular, E-learning is still far from replacing the traditional classroom- based approach. The foremost challenge with e- learning is the 'digital divide' which further widens the economic gap. Marginal sections comprising 50-80% of the population in the developing countries can neither afford to buy appropriate electronic devices nor have stable internet connection. Governments need to step-in to bridge this gap by providing free sim cards, devices and cheap internet connection to the students. Another feasible solution is to telecast the lecture videos through television and radio which is cheap and accessible to larger sections of the society. Also, hubs and distribution centres can be set up, where the recorded lectures can be downloaded by students who lack internet connection.
The next major issue is the technological gap where teachers, students and parents struggle to adjust to the new technology. To overcome this, we propose adapting user- friendly Coursera based platform instead of live- classrooms. The pre-recorded classes allow flexibility without compromising the quality by having in-video assessments, peer- review and strict deadlines.
Also there's no hands on experience and no social interaction, causing students to develop severe social issues. To address this, students should be encouraged to meet occasionally and perform group tasks. Each country is unique with their own culture, language, and issues. Local talents should be encouraged to build learning platforms that are more accessible and convenient to the native population to learn and grow.
National Cheng Kung University
University of Malaya
Khon Kaen University
The National University of Malaysia
Indian Institute of Science