The Covid-19 outbreak caused changes to the education system, especially for project-based of multinational team. Technology is an important factor in the effectiveness of virtual student collaboration. There are five challenges such as language and cultural barrier, communication, task complexity, team engagement, and information sharing.
The solution is integrative platforms both synchronous and asynchronous1. It is relevant to Task Technology Fit2, which the technology characteristics fit with task characteristics to improve the impact performance. The synchronous platform can facilitate direct, fast and interactive coordination. Meanwhile, asynchronous platform can facilitate students of different cultures for the adaptation and drafting process. Integrative platforms facilitate the communication process and solve task complexity. This convenience can increase team engagement and information sharing.
There are three stages, first, preparation stage, using email (asynchronous) to send materials and chat rooms of WhatsApp Group (asynchronous and synchronous) for discussions. Second, monitoring, using Trello (asynchronous and synchronous) to coordinate and to collaborate. Finally, evaluation, using Microsoft Team or Zoom (synchronous) for visual presentations via teleconference.
The impact obtained by using the integrative platforms make students easier to coordinate a project virtually without time, culture and location constraint. Because technology characteristics of the platform can match the task characteristics in those stages of project management.
National Cheng Kung University
University Putra Malaysia
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
The University of Danang–University of Science and Technology
The National University of Malaysia